PD Micro

by Ryan Ma

Arduino Pro Micro functionality and pinout with 5-20 V power delivery through USB-C

View all updates Jan 04, 2021

USB PD 3.0 programmable power supply (PPS) support now available

by Ma Ho Yuen

USB PD 3.0 has introduced a new PPS (Programmable Power Supply) mode. If your PD power source supports PPS, it allows devices to negotiate precise voltage range from 3.3 V to 5.9/11/16/21 V with 20 mV step. Being a programmable power supply, PPS supports a coarse current limit, with the value in 50 mA step.

Initially, the PD Micro library and hardware were designed for USB PD 2.0 with fixed power output. Now, however, more and more PPS-supported adapters are available in the market. We purchased a USB PD PPS power adapter and did some quick code modifications to PD Micro. Excitingly, we’ve verified that PD Micro can run the PPS protocol without issues.

Challenges

Although FUSB302 hardware specifications only support PD 2.0, it can realize most USB PD 3.0 features with some limitations and workarounds. We list some that we found.

LimitationsWorkarounds and Solutions
FUSB302 do not have enough FIFO for unchunked messageUse chunked message compatible with PD 2.0
FUSB302 VBUS senses low threshold at 4 Vdisable vbus_sense if device is working in PPS mode
TPS62175 input voltage range 4.75 - 28 VUSB-C always outputs 5 V before entering PPS mode, TPS62175 UVLO threshold is 2.9 V
ATmega32U4 safe operation area is 8 MHz @ < 4.5 VWhen requesting PPS below 4.5 V, use clock_prescale_set(clock_div_2) to slow down working frequency

Solutions

We updated the library with all workarounds implemented. To trigger PPS from the power adapter, please use another set of procedures to request PPS.

arduino sketch

Please find more details in our GitHub repository.

About the Author

Ma Ho Yuen


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Product Choices

$28

PD Micro

One PD Micro, one set of pin headers, and one Molex 3.5 mm screw terminal jack

Credits

Ryan Ma

Ryan makes open source hardware.


Ma Ho Yuen

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