XYNC

by Fairwaves

The ultimate low-cost massive MIMO SDR, with up to 32x32 transmit/receive channels

View all updates Nov 29, 2019

Phase Offset Stability Testing

by Alexander Chemeris

In the Synchronization & Phase Coherency section of the XYNC campaign page, we mention that "if you're looking to do direction finding or beamforming, you would need to take the extra step of calibrating the phases between all XTRXs". Here we would like to share the results of one of our clients, who carried out such calibration as a part of the AutoAir UK5G project.

Please note that this remains a work in progress, and we expect even better results after further tuning.

Test System Specification

  • 16 Tx channels (8 pairs of coherent channels)
  • All XTRX in the array share the same reference clock and the 1 pps signal
  • 1 Rx calibration channel
  • RF frequency: 3.5 GHz
  • Sampling frequency: 7.68 MSPS

Below, you can see a high-level diagram of the test setup above. Both Tx channels of a single XTRX share the same PLL and are inherently phase-synchronized (typically to within 3-4 degrees). This allows us to calibrate only one channel out of each channel pair (Tx1) and apply the same correction to the other channel (Tx2).

XYNC Phase Calibration

Phase Stability Test Description

  1. The calibration signal is transmitted on the Tx1 port of each of the eight XTRX’s
  2. The signal is a CW (sine) signal with LTE FFT tone spacing, with each XTRX transmitting at a different frequency
  3. The signals are then combined and routed to the calibration receiver
  4. The calibration receiver performs FFT on the data and measures phase offset per tone over multiple test runs
  5. The phase offset for Ch 2-8 is calculated relative to a reference channel (Ch1)
  6. The XTRX array is kept running throughout the test

Test Results

  • Measured phase offsets are stable over long periods of time (in the range of ~2 hours)
  • The standard deviation of each phase offset is small (from 5 to 7 degrees)
Ch1Ch2Ch3Ch4Ch5Ch6Ch7Ch8
Average, deg0.63-0.09-0.10-0.11-0.11-0.11-0.100.62
STD, deg5.835.794.955.064.975.606.466.82

Phase Offsets Between XTRXs as a Function of Time

About the Author

Alexander Chemeris


$45,500 raised

of $16,000 goal

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Product Choices

$4,750

XYNC Quadro

Four XTRXs provide eight TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and eight RX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)


$6,150

XYNC Quadro 6 GHz RX

Four XTRXs provide eight TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and eight RX channels at 1.8 GHz - 6 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)


$6,750

XYNC Octo

Eight XTRXs provide 16 TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and 16 RX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)


$9,500

XYNC Quadro Tandem

Eight XTRXs provide 16 high-throughput TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and 16 high-throughput RX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)


$12,300

XYNC Quadro Tandem 6 GHz RX

Eight XTRXs provide 16 high-throughput TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and 16 high-throughput RX channels at 1.8 GHz - 6 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)


$13,500

XYNC Octo Tandem

16 XTRXs provide 32 high-throughput TX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz and 32 high-throughput RX channels at 30 MHz - 3.7 GHz. (Price will increase after the campaign ends.)

Credits

Fairwaves

We are a vertically integrated vendor of cellular equipment focused on the needs of emerging markets. We are developing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating turn-key cellular network solutions including radio equipment, towers, power and backhaul all the way to a core network and SS7 interconnect. Our team has been building software-defined radios and systems based on them since 2009 and is well known for its ClockTamer, UmTRX, and UmSITE products.


Alexander Chemeris

CTO

Sergey Kostanbaev

Software & Firmware Development

Andrey Sviyazov

Hardware Design

Albert Gardiner

CEO

Andrey Bakhmat

Marketing

Andy Avtushenko

Manufacturing

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