Tigard

An open source FT2232H-based multi-protocol, multi-voltage tool for hardware hacking

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Tigard is an open source FT2232H-based multi-protocol, multi-voltage tool for hardware hacking. By incorporating commonly used pinouts, a labelled wiring harness, onboard level-shifting, and a logic analyzer connection, it is designed specifically for attaching to and communicating with low-speed interfaces on reverse engineered hardware targets.

Documentation and hardware files can be found at: https://github.com/tigard-tools/tigard

Features

  • Dual serial interfaces:
    • Primary port dedicated to UART including access to all flow control signals
    • Secondary port shared among dedicated headers for SWD, JTAG, SPI, and I²C
  • High-performance directional-level shifters for 1.8 to 5.5 V operation
  • Switch to choose between on-board 1.8 V, 3.3 V, 5.0 V and off-board vTarget supplies
  • Switch to choose between SPI/JTAG and I²C/SWD modes
  • Logic analyser port to observe device-level signals (v1.0 and later)
  • Indicator lights to aid debugging

Software

In general, Tigard was designed to work as-is with several tools and libraries that already support the x232H family of chips. This includes:

  • USB-Serial drivers for UART access
  • OpenOCD and UrJTAG for JTAG
  • Flashrom, PyFtdi/PySpiFlash, LibMPSSE, and other tools for SPI interfaces
  • LibMPSSE and PyFtdi/PyI2CFlash for I²C interfaces

Example Use Cases

  • Attach to the serial console you find on a home automation device
  • Dump the contents of a SPI flash chip inside of a set top box
  • Use GDB over the JTAG pins to modify code in memory, allowing you to bypass a login prompt you're connected to over the UART pins on a kid's toy you've taken apart
  • Use I²C to interact with an OLED display, while concurrently observing the transactions with a BitMagic logic analyzer over the LA port

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